Internet dating fraud and nigeria
This situation illustrates several common characteristics of scams.The individual: Other notable examples include those with actual photographs used to deceive potential victims.The valence effect occurs when people tend to overestimate the probability of a positive event.Victims of online romance scams are often influenced by the perceived success of online dating websites.
Entrenched criminal organizations have greater resources to set up more believable scams, like those featuring the invented "John Scofield," a well-connected, handsome character living in Florida; Scofield's profile was used simultaneously in multiple scams around the country All demographics are at risk for online dating scams. But I don’t really know that the guy doesn’t love me.
Scammers, hiding behind fictitious profiles, initiate a relationship with an individual seeking companionship, marriage, or a sexual relationship. One character commonly described by victims is an attractive, wealthy American citizen living abroad, frequently in Nigeria or another west African country.
Once a potential victim has built a strong emotional bond with his or her would-be lover, the scammer will begin to solicit funds in order to deal with a series of increasingly unfortunate situation.
Once a payment has been made, the scammer will stumble into more and more tragic situations, requiring more and more money from the victim, until the victim terminates the relationship or the scammer ceases contact.
This model is but one common scam with endless variations.